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Why I Still Telly: The Art of Telemark Skiing

Words by Steven Furman

We craved adventure. We sought challenges. We wanted to be free to ski and explore the unknown.  We wanted to be unique, original and primal in how we skied and experienced the backcountry.  This beautiful, enticing, untracked world of steep mountains and white fluff was there, waiting to be savored.  

In the 1970’s, alpine gear was expensive, cumbersome and awkward.  We needed lighter, more versatile gear to explore the backcountry.  Ascension was also a problem.  Hiking up steep powder slopes with weighty boards slung over your shoulder was onerous.   Alpine skis with locked heels did not allow skiers to freely transition from uphill to downhill skiing.  We wanted a fresh, innovative and freer way to ski in the backcountry, so we rediscovered and reinvented a gift from Sondre Norheim…the art of Telemark skiing. The Telemark revival was born!

A poor, hardworking carpenter from Morgedal, a tiny village in the Telemark region of Norway, Sondre is credited with being the father of Telemarking skiing.  Although remote and isolated, Telemark produced some of the best skiers in all of Norway. A newcomer to ski racing, Sondre won the first national, invitational ski race in 1868.  Not only did he have the fastest time top to bottom and over jumps, his proficiency with the unique, free-heel telemark turn earned him the reputation of being the most elegant skier in the race.  A local journalist was overheard saying how inspired he was with the “effortless certainty with which [he] shot down”.  An innovator, and good at shaping wood, Sondre was one of the first to add side-cut to his skis (a side cut ski has a waist that is narrower than its tip and tail…think shaped / parabolic skis).  Side-cut allows skiers to take advantage of the “physics of an arc”, and create more precise, carved (arced) turns. Sondre is also credited with adding willow branch straps around the heel of his boots, increasing his stability and control when making linked turns (think cable bindings).  Sondre was a true pioneer who greatly advanced the sport of skiing!

Telemark skiing allowed us to push the boundaries, more easily reach the alpine backcountry, and then experience the most enjoyable of powder turns on the ride down.  Throughout the 1980 and 90’s, Telemark skiing grew quickly.  Soon the technique was highly visible both in the backcountry and at the resort.  It had almost become “mainstream”.

A decade or so later Telemark’s popularity began to diminish.  Randonee or AT skiing was taking over.  AT gear was lighter, more reliable and transitioning from skinning up to skiing down was now almost as simple as having your heel free.  As more and more skiers transitioned to AT gear, they realized alpine turns were also less physically demanding.  This further accelerated the decline of Telemarking, and in 2017, Powder magazine declared, ‘Telemark skiing is dead.’

In the late 1970’s, the only equipment available was narrow cross country skis, flimsy, thin leather boots, and three-pin bindings with wire bales.  It was amazing how intertwined my skis could become with my body, and how deep I could ‘auger in’ when I missed a turn.  We needed wider skis, stiffer boots and stronger bindings.  We need to innovate, so we began to experiment with creating hybrid skis.  We mounted old Spaedman downhill bindings onto used alpine skis, and attached the boot plate to the toe of vintage, Austrian, leather, lace-up ski boots. Our outcomes were not always optimal, but our passion was enviable.  As Telly skiing became more popular, the quality, capability and performance of the equipment improved.

Learning to Telemark, I would typically spend a week on my alpine skis and a week on my Telly boards.  My roots were in alpine skiing, but each discipline taught me something that I could apply to the other.  With practice, I became stronger, more confident and proficient in my turns, and my skiing on both platforms progressed.  

After 60 years my heel is still free (both in the backcountry and at the area).  Yes, AT gear is now more advanced and lighter, and alpine turns are still more efficient, but Telemarking is part of my soul.  This most elegant and aesthetic of turns still energizes me and makes me feel free!  The sensual feeling of snow flowing across my body as I fluidly link turn after turn while descending an untracked slope of endless powder is indescribable. There is no better feeling in the world.  In the backcountry, in powder, the feeling of a Telemark turn reigns supreme. 

Telly skiing is not dead; it just faces an uncertain future. Every year I see more and younger people Telemarking.  They inspire me as I watch them experience the joy of making Telly turns.  I don’t want to see the original ski turn fade away.  I hope the next generation embraces Telly skiing and makes it their own.  They are our future; they are Telemark skiing’s future, whatever they make of it. 

Whether in the backcountry or at the area, my role and the role of every Telemark skier today is to expose younger people to the splendor of Telly skiing. We need to champion the art, and use our experience and wisdom to coach and inspire the next generation of Telemarkers, so they can experience the visceral beauty of the most elegant of ski turns. My greatest hope is that Telemark skiing thrives once again, and that the next generation of skiers learns how to ski free!   

Telemarking

Mountaineering

Telemarking is not dead

Comments

Telemark skiing is hard. I still use skinny skis and, sometimes, leather boots to make telemark turns— after 40 years of telemark skiing I never get bored because the ‘tele’ turn is always challenging (not so much on the groomers or powder, but in ‘junk snow’ leather boots and narrow skis make you constantly refine your technique). I do not mind that tele skiing is ‘dead’— so is Latin, but insiders know it is still a beautiful language.

By Karl Wilcox on December 29, 2020

I grew up on a lake in Montana, learned to water ski early and lived for the hard slalom cut on a ski. Community college and ski lessons introduced me to skiing downhill but I still preferred summer with its slalom turn and its bikinis. Then I saw Jim Rice’s film showing Bob Conat and Tom Eisinger doing this telemark thing with ankle high boots and cross country skis. They learned the turn on their own with no outside influence, on the Big Mountain, above Whitefish. I saw their turns in Jim’s movie and I switched to tele. It’s a similar slalom style total body lean like a slalom turn on water and you don’t need a boat. I never went back to parallel form on snow and went back to two skis on water. Big Mountain opens December 10th and at 69 I hope for another million plus on a sketchy right knee. My doc says it’s shot and should hurt more than it does. Replacement waits for spring.

By Ron Ridenour on December 08, 2020

Started a 65,after 55 years of alpine ski and snowboard
New challenge
Natural movement
Helps the old knees and hips
I totally love it
Certified to teach all three
All good
Woody

By John Woods on December 07, 2020

I love telemarking but find it weird when people ask me why I choose to telemark in lift lines and in parking lots….“The same reason you ski or snowboard”….blank stare….“It’s fun right? That’s why you do it?”. Have people forgotten that the reason they ski or ride isn’t to be the fastest or most efficient rider but actually to have fun? I hope not but for those who have “lost the fun” try telemarking even for just a day…it might bring that feeling back for you!

By Owen Darrow on December 07, 2020

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